Friday, July 20, 2018

Index of all posts


March 2011

Anaximander versus Anaximenes
Frege's distinction between sense and reference
Why be moral?
Must God be a realist?
Protagoras: man is the measure of all things
How do you know that the author of these words has...
Heraclitus: you never step into the same river twi...
Metaphysics - its methods and subject matter
My values are objective because they are mine
Milesian philosophers on the primary substance
Xenophanes on the limits of human knowledge
Why must others count in my deliberations?
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
Anti-realism and Holocaust denial
The significance of scepticism
Kant's refutation of idealism
Kant's refutation of idealism (2)
'All things have a portion of everything' - Anaxag...
Philosophical development of the Milesian school
Are we always the best authority on our own mental...
Freedom of the will
Parmenides' vision of the nature of reality
The truth of 'snow is white'
Is it rational to fear death?
Why the earth stays where it is etc...
Progression in Milesian thought
Subjectivist vs objectivist accounts of moral judg...
Counterfactualism in history
Milesian philosophers on the primary substance
Abstract and concrete objects
Does 'moral' imply 'disinterested'?
Why be moral?
Why is the objective reality of the world in doubt?

April 2011

Essays on Berkeley and on the fear of death
Thought about objects and the nature of concepts
Criteria for the identity of a person over time
Problems for materialism and the nature of space
Russell's theory of descriptions
Zombies and philosophy
Pythagoras: numbers and reality
On necessity, happiness and freedom
Xenophanes' reflections on the limits of human kno...
Essay on 'I'
Our moral obligations to animals
Essays on scepticism and morals
The transcendental deduction
Can the solipsist be refuted?
Why be moral?
Harm principle in the 21st century
Significance of scepticism
Milesian philosophers on the primary substance
Philosophical dialogue on egocentric subjectivism
Mind-body problem and the nature of philosophy
Protagoras: man is the measure of all things
Identity and the mind-body problem
Does thought entail possession of language?
Significance of philosophical scepticism
Identity and the mind-body problem
Free will and determinism
Determinism and free will
Wittgenstein's sign 'S'
Determinism, indeterminism and free will
Realism, anti-realism and the reality principle
Must justice result in war and violence?
Anaxagoras and Hegel: the universal mind
On solipsism
Fear of death and the nature of the self
Defending metaphysics against Hume
Dialogue between scientist, priest and philosopher...
Dialogue between scientist, priest and philosopher...
Truth conditional semantics of vague predicates
Analysing talk of 'the will'
'No-one really perceives a tree'
Significance of philosophical scepticism

May 2011

Empedocles' contribution to philosophy
Dummett's argument for an anti-realist theory of m...
Our moral obligations to non-human animals
Frege's distinction between sense and reference
Can a zombie be an epiphenomenalist?
Private language and why language matters to philo...
Philosophical significance of the paradox of the h...
My unique place as a self-conscious subject in the...
Is morality subjective or objective?
In defence of men
Narrative and and storytelling in identity constru...
Definition of identity and the mind-body problem
Counting others unequally in one's deliberations
'The world is my world' and solipsism
The case against science
Hume on the self
The mind-body difficulty
On the existence of qualia
Knowledge and scepticism - and war
All elephants are small elephants
On atoms and the void
Xenophanes on the limits of human knowledge
Parmenides' argument for 'It is'
Free will, determinism and indeterminism
Is it rational to fear death?
Are possible worlds really real?
Values and the idea of a 'unique valuational persp...
Dummett's argument for a global anti-realist theor...
Analyzing talk of 'the will'
Milesian philosophers on the nature of the primary...
Anti-realism and inventing our own reality
On the notion of qualia
Parmenides' argument for 'It is'
Descartes' argument for dualism in the 6th Meditat...

June 2011

Wittgenstein's Tractatus: proposition 4.04
Qualia and the private language argument
Criteria for personal identity over time
Xenophanes' concept of God
'Snow is white' is true if and only if snow is whi...
John Searle and the mind-body problem
Can the solipsist be refuted?
Does thought entail possession of language?
Pythagorean theory of reincarnation
Exploring the pre-philosophical idea of the soul
Fichte and human agency
Anti-realism and the idea that 'reality' is our ow...
Kant's metaphysics: the end of the road?
Is the fear of death irrational?
Berkeley's Dialogues: the problem of mind
'A computer can think and act but it cannot WILL'
Moral judgement and the marks of truth
Sources of metaphysics in Presocratic philosophy
Catherine Macaulay and feminism
Wittgenstein on sensation 'S'
Where do values come from?
Wittgenstein: the world is MY world
Speculations about the soul, brain and consciousne...
Does 'moral' imply 'disinterested'?
Is it reasonable to fear death?
Free will, determinism and indeterminism
The best is the enemy of the good
R.M. Hare's preference utilitarianism
Irrationality, John Locke and the twin towers
The meaning of 'I am David G.'
The description theory of proper names
Are animals members of the moral community?
Anaximander versus Anaximenes
Anti-realism and the truth about the Holocaust
Implications of the private language argument

July 2011

'Snow is white' is true if and only if snow is whi...
Two essays on truth
Socrates: 'no-one ever does wrong knowingly'
'Snow is white' is true if and only if snow is whi...
What is truth?
Hume on tragedy
Rejecting egocentric subjectivism
Descartes' argument for mind-body dualism
Wittgenstein: 'The world is MY world'
Essay on space
Implications of the private language argument
Indispensability of proper names
What is metaphysics?
Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes on the primary sub...
Realism, anti-realism and immaterialism
Descartes' case for doubt
What's in a name?
Berkeley's arguments against the existence of mate...
Zeno's paradox of the arrow
Truth, realism and anti-realism
Personal identity and body duplication
Rawls on the foundations of the liberal state
Free will and the justification of punishment
Anti-realism and Orwell's 1984
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
Catherine Macaulay's philosophy of education
Proper names and reference failure
Dummett's idea of an anti-realist theory of meanin...
Pythagorean reincarnation theory and personal iden...
What is it like to be a dog?
Foundationalism in Descartes
Progression in the thought of the Milesian philoso...
Unamuno's 'Tragic Sense of Life'
Kant's First Antinomy

August 2011

Merleau-Ponty vs. Husserl on other minds
Subjectivist vs. objectivist accounts of moral jud...
Berkeley's arguments against material objects
Can non-human animals or machines be conscious?
Moral dialogue takes place between an 'I' and a 't...
Existence of 'I' and the question of solipsism
Pythagoras on reincarnation
Significance of philosophical scepticism
Is it rational to fear death?
Anti-realism and historical truth
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
Descartes' argument for scepticism in the 1st Medi...
Philosophical significance of zombies
Why others must count in my deliberations
Russell's theory of descriptions
Essay on 'snow is white'
Rationality of the fear of death
Possible worlds and counterfactuals
Immaterialism, anti-realism and the existence of m...
Dialogue between scientist, priest and philosopher...
Merleau-Ponty's critique of Hume
Descartes' argument from the idea of God
Descartes' dreaming hypothesis in 1st Meditation
Essay on Hume's Fork
Philosophy of space
Return of the solipsist
Dr Johnson and the stone
Mind and body in Descartes' 2nd Meditation
The 'world' of the solipsist
Realism vs. anti-realism and the Holocaust
Must God be a realist?
Zombies in philosophy
Plato and Sartre on moral dilemmas
Private language argument and Zeno's paradox
Anti-realism and the Holocaust
Kant's refutation of idealism
Dreaming scenario vs. the evil demon
Does an objective reality exist?

September 2011

Analysing the concept of 'concept'
Heraclitus: according to the Logos 'all things are...
'No-one ever does wrong knowingly'
Why be moral?
Bradley's dialectic of self-assertion and self-sac...
What do Zeno's paradoxes tell us about motion?
Are we the best authority on our own mental states...
UK govt proposal to ban the use of the verb 'to kn...
My subjective world can never die...
Catherine Macaulay on sympathy, reason and virtue
Significance of Quine's ontological relativity
Plato on love
Why must others count in my deliberations?
Determinism, indeterminism and free will
Does 'moral' imply 'disinterested'? (2)
Does 'moral' imply 'disinterested'? (1)
Sense datum theory and the reality principle
Heidegger contra Descartes
Plato on knowledge and false belief
Parmenides on the nature of 'what is'
Plato on poetry and art
Hume on the self and personal identity
Mill's 'On Liberty' and the ethics of dialogue
Our moral obligations towards non-human animals
Implications of Kreisel's dictum for moral 'object...
Plato on knowledge and perception in Theaetetus
Wittgenstein on nominalism
Looking for loopholes in the argument against free...
Neurobiological perspective on weakness of will
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
Why be moral?
Criteria for personal identity over time
Socratic paradox and weakness of the will
The case for an ethics of dialogue
Anaxagoras: all things have a portion of everythin...
Plato and the form of Beauty
What did Dr Johnson prove by kicking the stone?
Mind-body problem and the definition of identity

October 2011

Merleau-Ponty's critique of Descartes' cogito
Defining the problem of solipsism
Making sense of time
Is knowledge justified true belief?
Metaphysics: its methods and subject matter
Nietzsche and Bergson compared
Mind-body problem and the concept of identity
Are possible worlds really real?
Marcus Aurelius and melancholy
How do you know the author of these words has a mi...
Leucippus and Democritus on atoms and the void
Descartes' argument in the 6th Meditation
Does thought precede language?
Descartes and the problem of mind-body interaction...
Hume on personal identity
Review of Naive Metaphysics
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
What is the mind-body problem?
Zeno's paradox of Achilles and the tortoise
Xenophanes on the limits of human knowledge
Thomas Nagel and point of view
Difference between a solipsist and a psychopath
Is it rational to fear death?
Can solipsism be refuted?
Metaphysical atomism of Leucippus and Democritus
Meaning of 'I am GK'
Aristotle's concept of mimesis
Our moral obligations to brute animals
Scepticism, possible worlds and brains in vats
Concrete, abstract, possible and actual objects
Plato on divine madness
Against the argument from design
Presocratic philosophers on why the earth stands s...
Perception and the limits of human knowledge
'No-one ever really perceives a tree'
Wittgenstein on family resemblances

November 2011

Theory of subjective and objective worlds
Visual experience and the argument from illusion
Locke's argument against innate speculative princi...
Essay on Plato's theory of forms
Hempel's paradox of the ravens
Hume and Feagin on tragedy
Objection to the coherentist account of knowledge
Heraclitus on the unity of opposites
Plato on the soul, and Hume on tragedy
Scepticism: self-refuting or a contribution to kno...
Ethics of dialogue: consciousness vs linguistic ab...
Kant's refutation of idealism
Nozick vs Williams: the Wilt Chamberlain example
Moral dilemmas and utilitarianism
Qualia and Wittgenstein's private language argumen...
Refutation of solipsism, and the nature of concept...
'Is knowledge justified true belief?' and brains i...
Parmenides: following the path of 'It is not'
Plato's answer to Meno's paradox
Essays on Descartes and Heraclitus
Scientist, priest and philosopher discuss the 'sou...
Proposed UK legislation banning the verb 'to know'...
Essay on Popper: must good science be falsifiable?...
Problem cases for personal identity
Strawson vs Descartes: 'no entity without identity...
Analysis of 'Sherlock Holmes does not exist'
Heidegger on Befindlichkeit
The disjunctivist view of perception
Moral disagreement and moral knowledge
Implications of the private language argument
Essays on Heraclitus, Descartes and Parmenides
Third man argument in Plato's Parmenides
Descartes argument for scepticism in the 1st Medit...
Argument for foundationalism in epistemology
Moral deliberation and the slippery slope
Sense data and metaphysics of the reality principl...

December 2011

What did Berkeley prove by kicking the stone?
Descartes on the incorrigibility of mental events
Essay on scepticism and intuition
Free will and the justification for punishment
Is it rational to fear death?
Hume's challenge to moral statements
G.E.M. Anscombe on singular causation
Truth conditions and metaphysics
Materialism vs immaterialism and the role of physi...
Essays on concepts and truth conditions
Williams' body-swap thought experiment
Objects, objectivity and ethics
Wittgenstein on sensation 'S'
Gorgias 'On What Is Not'
Anti-realism and the idea of truth as a 'target'
The nature of concepts and conceptual schemes
Michael Dummett on anti-realist theory of meaning
Determinism, indeterminism and free will
Quine's ontological relativity and the nature of c...
Is it rational to fear death?
'No-one ever REALLY perceives a tree'
Anatomy of the egocentric subjectivist
Why be moral?
Spinoza and Einstein: in search of god
'Snow is white' is true if and only if snow is whi...
Can emotivism make sense of moral judgements?
Descartes' proof of God, and Hume's bundle theory
Locke on personal identity
Notes on vagueness, and essay on private language
Defending the idea of sense data
Locke on primary and secondary qualities
Hume on ideas and impressions, and brains in vats
Why be moral?
Searching for the soul - the inner life?
Hempel's deductive-nomological model of explanatio...
Kant's argument for the necessary unity of space

January 2012

Philosophical problem of weakness of the will
Justifying the law of excluded middle
Philosophy of language: words and world
Parallels between theories of space and theories o...
Parmenides' argument for the proposition 'It is'
Strawson on freedom and resentment
Berkeley's argument against material objects
Gettier on knowledge as justified true belief
Descartes' proof of God in the 3rd Meditation
Parmenides: why we cannot follow the path of 'it i...
Is knowledge justified true belief?
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus proposition 4.04
Descartes' argument for scepticism in First Medita...
How does space pose a problem for philosophy?
Paradox that no-one ever does wrong knowingly
Kant's 2nd refutation of idealism
Are possible worlds really real?
Locke on personal identity
Regress problem and foundationalism vs coherentism...
Descartes: being deceived about 2+3=5
Free will and the justification for blame and puni...
What do Zeno's paradoxes show about motion?
Xenophanes: God in religion and in philosophy
Why be moral?
Do oysters experience qualia?
Does 'A knows that P' entail that P is true?
Frege's puzzle about identity
Why must others count in my deliberations?
Can truth be defined?
On a proposed new definition of knowledge
Heraclitus and the unity of opposites
Defining truth by a majority vote
Significance of philosophical scepticism
Possible worlds and the problem of other minds

February 2012

Epistemology and the closure principle
Substituting 'Cicero' for 'Tully' in statements of...
Free will problem and the justification for punish...
Hilary Putnam and brains in vats
Musical perception and the nature of consciousness...
Metaphor and knowledge in literature
Objections to knowledge as justified true belief
Primary and secondary qualities and Descartes' cas...
Fatalism and determinism compared
Descartes' argument that mind and body are distinc...
'The solipsist's world has no more substance than ...
Aristotle on akrasia and Moore's 'open question' a...
On a criticism of the coherentist theory of knowle...
What kind of freedom is worth fighting for?
Aristotle on the mean and the pursuit of happiness...
How do you know the author of these words has a mi...
P.F. Strawson's criticisms of Cartesian dualism
Brain in a vat argument for scepticism
Difference between perception and introspection
Why Descartes needs to prove God's Existence
Implications of the private language argument
Personal identity and replacement by a superior co...
Scepticism and Nozick's truth tracking definition ...
Anti-realism and altering the historical 'facts'
What holds the world up?
Speculating whether what you see as red I see as g...
Leibniz's theory of monads
The challenge for physicalism of J.S. Bach's Vollb...
Descartes 'I am a thinking thing'
Knowledge and having good reasons for one's belief...
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
Morality of pre-emptive attacks and preventive war...
The Logos of Heraclitus

March 2012

Essays on free will, qualia and spectrum inversion...
Free will incompatible with determinism and indete...
Difficulties in the way of a materialist view of t...
Philosophical significance of the paradox of the H...
Science versus myth: the relevance of Thales
Materialism vs immaterialism and the role of physi...
Why must others count in my deliberations?
Analysing talk of 'the will' from a philosophical ...
Aristotle's case for the priority of substance
Essay on Aristotle's four 'causes'
Role of Aristotle's God - the unmoved mover
Interactionist dualism versus epiphenomenal dualis...
Do possible worlds account for our notion of possi...
Locke on primary and secondary qualities
Reasons for Leibniz's theory of monads
The Shoah and the problem of evil
Should we get rid of the concept of personal ident...
Heraclitus: we never step into the same river twic...
Essays on Heraclitus, testimony and tomatoes
Locke on the identity of 'person' and 'human being...
Can truth be defined?
Berkeley's and Descartes' arguments for God's exis...
What would it take to justify the law of excluded ...
Ethics based on the idea that everyone lives every...
Kant's categorical imperative and the golden rule
Spinoza's proof of the existence of God as the sol...
Essays on seeing a red tomato, Parmenides, and the...
What it means to say that an expression is a logic...
Tracing a path from the mental to the physical
Empedocles' response to Parmenides
Strawson on why Cartesian soul violates the concep...
Existential inquiry into the possibility of knowle...

April 2012

Heraclitus: we cannot step into the same river twi...
Criticism of the sense datum theory of perception ...
Criticism of the sense datum theory of perception
Is it rational to fear death?
Defining truth in terms of human agreement
Perception and the nature and limits of knowledge
Zeno's paradox of infinite divisibility
Idealism and the nature of metaphysics
Theology and the idea of an impotent God
Does Descartes succeed in proving that God exists?...
Can truth be defined?
Kripke on Wittgenstein on rules and private langua...
Free will, determinism and cognitive impairment
Accounting for my unique place as self-conscious s...
Heraclitus on the logos and change and Zeno on mot...
Mind-body problem and the definition of identity
Mind as extended: Descartes' response to Arnaud
Free will and the justification for punishment
Iris Murdoch and the inner life
Determinism, free will and moral responsibility
Berkeley: to exist is to perceive or to be perceiv...
Difference between a solipsist and a psychopath
Heraclitus on the logos and the unity of opposites...
Descartes Meditation 1: the case for universal dou...

May 2012

The redundancy theory of truth
Why be moral?
Where does goodness come from?
Descartes and the malicious demon
Is a rational belief the same as a reliable belief...
David Hume's two definitions of 'cause'
Bernard Williams on the idea of equality
Coherentism, reliabilism, internalism, externalism...
Why be moral?
Berkeley: to exist is to perceive or to be perceiv...
Truth of moral judgements and the limits of ethics...
Could a computer be capable of an act of will?
Argument for universal doubt in Descartes 1st Medi...
Kant's second 'Refutation of Idealism'
Berkeley on abstract ideas and unperceived objects...
Thought experiment of human body replacement
Is it rational to fear death?
Locke's distinction between primary and secondary ...
Nietzsche: on truth and lies in a nonmoral sense
Why should I be moral?
Susan Feagin on why we enjoy tragedy
Functionalist view of the mind and Arnaud's object...
How do you know that the author of these words has...
Hedonism as a theory of values
Locke's attack on innate ideas and innate knowledg...

June 2012

Determinism as a defence
Free will incompatible with determinism and indete...
Perception and the nature and limits of knowledge...
Plato's analogy in the Republic between health and...
Semantics of indicative and counterfactual conditi...
Aesthetic judgements and the emotions
Defining the logical constants
Spinoza's account of the relation between mind and...
Could you exchange bodies with someone else?
Descartes and the malicious demon
Coherentist theory of epistemic justification
Hume on why we enjoy tragedy
Strawson's argument in 'Freedom and Resentment'
Making morality work
Hume on the continued and distinct existence of ob...
Milesian progression in the idea of primary substa...
Spinoza on human freedom
The cluster of descriptions theory of proper names...
Why be moral?
Strawson's critique of Cartesian mind-body dualism...
'Snow is white' is true if and only if snow is whi...
Does 'S knows that P' entail the truth of P?
Dialogue on moral relativity
Descartes' argument for doubt in the First Meditat...

July 2012

Causal explanation in ethics and nature of moral e...
Space, time and gravitation after Einstein
Other minds and the challenge of solipsism
Is justified true belief the same as knowledge?
Scientific method: indisputable truth or real hoax...
Frege's puzzle about identity
The challenge of moral dilemmas
Locke's account of persons and their identity
Why be moral?
Consequences of rejecting qualia
Zombies in philosophy and Wittgenstein's Blue Book...
Does pragmatism subvert the fight against corrupti...
Accounting for the truth of 'Santa Claus does not ...
Leibniz's account of the relation between soul and...
The disjunctivist account of perception
Criticism of the coherentist theory of knowledge
The road to analytic philosophy
Essay on carers and society
Attempting to justify the law of excluded middle
Dialectic of self-assertion and self-sacrifice
Deflationist account of the predicate 'true'
Free will incompatible with determinism and indete...
Making the distinction between science and non-sci...
Can a belief be justified but false?

August 2012

Defence of Locke's view on real and nominal essenc...
Abstract and concrete, time and motion
Deductive-nomological model of scientific explanat...
Moral dilemmas and Mill's principle of utility
The 'hard' problem of consciousness revisited
Franz Rosenzweig on death and redemption
Hume's argument against a substantial self or soul...
Schopenhauer on human freedom
Can you know you are not a brain in a vat?
Reasons for not opting for the best consequences
Are zombies conceivable?
Counterexample to Russell's theory of descriptions...
Nature of metaphysics and the problem of evil
Prospects for an infinitist theory of knowledge
Can you know you are not a brain in a vat?
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind
The 'hard' problem of consciousness
The importance of individuality in Mill's On Liber...
Problems for Plato's theory of Forms in the Parmen...
Right action and the ideally virtuous agent
On an alleged paradox in liberalism
Understanding the notion of necessity
Truth tracking and the closure principle
The significance of philosophical scepticism

September 2012

Free will incompatible with determinism and indete...
Perception and the limits of human knowledge
Determinism vs fatalism, and truths about the past...
Interactionist dualism versus epiphenomenalism
How Descartes puts the case for doubt in 1st Medit...
How satisfactory is Spinoza's concept of human fre...
Spinoza's claim that the one substance is infinite...
Is personal identity dispensable? / ethics and soc...
The soul and our knowledge of non-human animals
Fatalism and determinism; theories of perception
Can two objects be in the same place at the same t...
Descartes' case for doubt in the first Meditation
McTaggart's proof of the unreality of time
Nature of philosophy and the theories of the Miles...
David Hume on the idea of causation
Donnellan on referential and attributive descripti...
'Inside' and 'outside' the mind - Descartes' case ...
Role of causes and effects in scientific explanati...
Arguing against the amoralist
Deflationist view of the predicate 'true'
Untangling the concept of truth
Constructive empiricism vs realism in philosophy o...
Is moral relativism a coherent view?
Is it rational to fear death?

October 2012

Does Plato's ideal of love downgrade persons?
Michael Dummett on anti-realist theories of meanin...
Socrates' claim that virtue is knowledge
Deflationist view of the role of the truth predica...
Is knowledge a form of justified true belief?
Strawson's claim that Cartesian souls cannot be in...
Marx's claim that profit equals exploitation of th...
Deflationism and the role of the truth predicate
Anaxagoras: all things have a portion of everythin...
Heraclitus' principle of the unity of opposites
Zeno's paradoxes of motion
Are possible worlds really real?
Divine hiddenness and revelation
Descartes' case for doubt in the First Meditation
Essays on Santa Claus, proper names, and truth
Parmenides' argument for the proposition, 'It is'
Hume on the nature of miracles
Hume and Feagin on why we enjoy tragedy
Mind-body problem and the refutation of solipsism
What is the best account of proper names?
Role of God in Berkeley's idealism
Xenophanes on the limits of human knowledge
Challenge of egocentric subjectivism
Descartes: 'I am a thing that thinks'

November 2012

Is Platonic love essentially self-centered?
Plato's slave boy experiment in the Meno
Russell, Strawson and Donnellan on reference
Essays on Descartes and Locke
Possible worlds and the definition of necessity
Can you know that you are not a brain in a vat?
Epistemology and Descartes' methodological doubt
Parmenides' case against plurality
Feagin vs. Hume on why we are moved by tragedy
Plato's Republic and the tripartite theory of the ...
Descartes' argument for doubt in the First Meditat...
Descartes' proof of God in the Third Meditation
Is Heraclitus inconsistent in claiming opposites a...
Reference: between subjectivity and objectivity
What does Descartes' Cogito establish exactly?
Refutation of solipsism as a basis for ethics
Locke's derivation of the idea of private property...
Rosenzweig: from the fear of death to redemption
Mind-body problem: the missing ingredient
Proto-scientific thought in ancient Miletus
Gorgias 'On What Is Not'
In what sense was Parmenides a monist?
The significance of philosophical scepticism
Difficulties for a materialist view of the mind

December 2012

The validity of philosophy as a science
Hume on the notion of cause, and essays on logic
Truth as a property of a statement
Kant's categorical imperative as a test for maxims...
What is Plato's concept of knowledge?
Milesians as philosophers and Xenophanes on knowle...
Descartes on perceiving beeswax and the case for d...
Hume and Feagin on the tragic response
Personal identity and body duplication
Locke's attack on the theory of innate ideas
Parmenides as monist, nature of logical constants
Parmenides: why we cannot follow the path of 'It i...
Locke on abstraction and the nature of ideas
Do Rawls' two principles of justice contradict one...
Kant on treating persons as ends in themselves
Heraclitus on the unity of opposites
Proper names and 'Sherlock Holmes does not exist'
The concept of duty in Kant's moral philosophy
Heraclitus' principle of the unity of opposites
Descriptions and modality, justification of deduct...
Strawson's critique of Descartes view of the self
Role of the 'good will' in Kant's moral theory
Plato's argument from opposites for existence of t...
Space and time: substantivalism vs relationism

January 2013

Anaxagoras' response to Parmenides
The importance of Heraclitus' theory of flux
Why be moral?
Essays on Russell's theory of descriptions
Can God commit suicide?
Solipsism as a logical cul-de-sac
Does knowledge require existence of self-justifyin...
Problem of evil: logical and evidential versions
Hume and Kant on causality - an undue scepticism?
Should possibility be analysed in terms of possibl...
Hume's claim that justice is an artificial virtue
Is Heraclitus inconsistent in claiming that opposi...
On what modes of existence there are
Mill's view that arithmetical knowledge is empiric...
Hume on the problem of personal identity
Case for doubt in Descartes First Meditation
Deciding how much others count: slippery slope arg...
Hume's claim that reason is the slave of the passi...
Assessing Descartes' arguments for God's existence...
Parmenides: what is not cannot be thought
Xenophanes and the nature of the one God
Paley and the fine tuning argument for God's exist...
Carl Hempel's paradox of the ravens
How space poses a problem for philosophy

February 2013

Do some persons have more free will than others?
What leads Descartes to posit an evil demon?
Leibniz's claim that this is the best possible wor...
Kant on belief in God, Rousseau on the General Wil...
Aristotle on slavery, Plato on individual and stat...
Necessity, possibility and possible worlds
Is any justification of deduction circular?
Justified true belief without knowledge
Porphyry against the sacrifice and eating of anima...
Locke's distinction between primary and secondary ...
Stoics on eternal recurrence, Epicurus on sensatio...
Russell on 'The baby has been sick all day'
Parmenides on the nature of reality
'Liberalism is beset by a paradox at its core'
Counterexamples to knowledge as justified true bel...
On the methods and subject matter of metaphysics
Are moral assertions merely expressions of emotion...
Distinction between laws and accidental generaliza...
Berkeley on primary qualities and the existence of...
Vague statements and the law of excluded middle
Locke's theory of ideas
Problem of free will and God's omniscience
Kant on the relation between freedom and morality
Significance of Russell's Paradox for the philosop...

March 2013

Why Aristotle distinguishes four causes
Does anti-realism violate the reality principle?
Aristotle on primary and secondary substances
Locke's distinction between primary and secondary ...
Kant's explanation of why it is wrong to tell a li...
Is Descartes guilty of circular reasoning?
Direct realism as a theory of perception
David Hume's account of causation
Locke's attack on innate ideas and knowledge
Are moral assertions merely expressions of emotion...
Does epistemological justification come to an end?...
Husserl's account of intentional experience
Significance of the paradox of the heap
Locke's arguments against innate ideas
What is Plato's concept of knowledge?
Private language argument and the objective standp...
Naive Metaphysics and point of view
The third man argument in Plato's 'Parmenides'
Can you know you are not a brain in a vat?
Hallucination and disjunctive theories of percepti...
Self-predication in Plato's theory of forms
Can one meaningfully say that Zeus does not exist?...
On the veil of perception problem
Atoms and voids 2500 years ago

April 2013

Hallucination and the disjunctive analysis of perc...
Counterfactual analysis of causal connection
Explaining possibility by means of possible worlds...
Locke's argument against innate knowledge and prin...
Free will, determinism and the justification for p...
Knowledge, belief, rationality and truth
G.E. Moore's argument against hedonism
Ontological status of events
Rationality and mechanisms of belief formation
Disjunctive analysis of perception
Varieties of social and political opposition
Metaphysics of identity and constitution
Mind-body problem and the definition of identity
Hume's argument against the self/ soul
Does Anaxagoras have a good response to Parmenides...
David Hume's account of causation
Is a belief formed by a reliable mechanism justifi...
The case for self-justifying beliefs in epistemolo...
Does J.S. Mill have a coherent conception of happi...
Must epistemic justification come to an end?
In what sense is it true to say that Pegasus is a ...
Is there an experiential difference between seeing...
Proper names and the nature of self-reference
Kant's refutation of idealism in Critique of Pure ...

May 2013

Logic and the principle of excluded middle
Knowing what one believes as inner perception
Socrates' slave boy experiment in Plato's Meno
Coherence theory of knowledge
Why be moral?
Analysing ordinary talk of the will
Laws of nature vs. accidental generalizations
Meaning of 'Zeus was a Greek god'
Reducing truths about the past to present tense fa...
Objections to Berkeley's theory of immaterial subs...
Role of Plato's Form of the Good
Death anxiety and existentialism
Anaximander's theory of the 'Apeiron'
J.S. Mill on pleasure and happiness
Parmenides' case for the proposition 'It is'
Philosophical considerations on the practice of di...
What it means to state that Zeus does not exist
McTaggart's proof of the unreality of time
Proper names as rigid designators
Bayes theorem and the nature of confirmation
Possibility of simultaneous and retro causation
Kierkegaard's concept of faith in Fear and Trembli...
Plato's tripartite analysis of the soul
Descartes' case for the existence of God

June 2013

Hume on the 'fiction' of personal identity
Plato's form of the Good in the Sun, Line and Cave...
Dialogue between Thales, Anaximander and Anaximene...
Knowledge, justified true belief and self-justifyi...
The justification of deductive reasoning
Science and the claim that observation is theory l...
Hume's two definitions of causation
Hobbes' concept of the laws of nature
Hume's theory of belief and the role of rationalit...
Berkeley's attack on abstract ideas
Idealism and our common sense view of the world
Plato on recollection and Parmenides on plurality
Heraclitus on the unity of opposites
In what sense is Hume a sceptic about causation?
Plato on happiness and justice
Paradox of the heap for non-philosophers
Goodman's new riddle of induction
Does 'is true' specify a genuine property?
Milesian primary substance and the river of Heracl...
Fairy tales and the coherence theory of knowledge
J.S. Mill's utilitarian theory of justice
Science and inference to the best explanation
Philosophical considerations on qualia
Knowing that I have hands

July 2013

Bad faith: Sartre vs Freud
Why be moral?
An alternative to conceptual platonism and psychol...
Aristotle on virtue and four types of moral charac...
Kierkegaard on suffering and guilt
Existentialism and the human condition revisited
Why does language matter to philosophy?
A metaphysical basis for Aristotle's ethics
Essays on Nozick and the free market
Essay on John Rawls
Existentialism and the human condition
Xenophanes on human knowledge and its limits
Berkeley's immaterialism and the reality principle...
Descartes' case for doubt in Meditation 1
Belief that I have hands and Locke on simple ideas...
Aristotle's account of substance in Metaphysics Z
Aristotle on man as a political animal
Plato's arguments for immortality
Knowledge, reliability and justification
Socrates' claim that virtue is knowledge
Does Heraclitus deny the law of non-contradiction?...
Aristotle on the unmoved mover
Strawson: impossibility of individuating Cartesian...
Kant on the relationship between freedom and moral...

August 2013

How idealist is Kant's transcendental idealism?
How satisfactory is Spinoza's account of freedom?
Does Heraclitus deny the principle of non-contradi...
Kant on synthetic a priori principles
What would be a genuine moral dilemma?
Hume and Anscombe on causation
Scientist, priest and philosopher discuss the soul...
Spinoza on human freedom
Spinoza on the relation between mind and body
Bernard Williams on political equality
Abstract vs concrete, possible vs actual objects
Dialogue on the nature of the soul
Spinoza on the relation between mind and body
Plato on the relation between objects and forms
Portraying the negative and painful
Why should others count in my deliberations?
Descartes' proof of the existence of material obje...
Putting the case for idealism
Protagoras: Man is the measure of all things
Descartes' case for doubt in Meditation 1
Essays on Aristotle's mean and on universals
Kant on the arguments for God's existence
Aristotle on the connection between virtue and hap...
The first philosophers and the nature of philosoph...

September 2013

What is to participate in a Platonic form?
Accounting for the truth of 'Santa Claus does not ...
The justification of inductive reasoning
Refutation of egocentric subjectivism
Could a computer that thinks also will?
Berkeley's immaterialism and the attack on abstrac...
Leibniz on necessary and contingent truths
Philosophical significance of the paradox of the h...
Zeno's paradoxes and the nature of motion
Locke on primary and secondary qualities
Examining our naive ideas about the soul
Leibniz's Law and opaque contexts
Fairy tales and the coherence theory of knowledge
Hempel on the symmetry of explanation and predicti...
Kant's refutation of idealism
Personal identity and exchanging bodies
How thorough is Descartes' case for doubt?
Parmenides on the unthinkability of 'what is not'
Descartes' arguments for the existence of God
Role of laws in scientific explanations
What did Dr Johnson prove when he kicked the stone...
Five essays on the philosophy of language
Hume on reason and morality
A-series and B-series accounts of time

October 2013

Qualia and Wittgenstein's private language argumen...
Hobbes on laws of nature and the state of nature
Do universals genuinely exist?
Berkeley's case against abstract ideas
Aristotle on virtue and happiness
Are events universals, particulars, or neither?
Locke on personal identity
The refutation of solipsism
What is a law of nature?
Criteria of identity for persons and for human bei...
Plato's arguments for the immortality of the soul
Hobbes' idea of a state of nature
J.S. Mill on utilitarianism and justice
Hume's account of the self vs Cartesian dualism
Kant on our knowledge of arithmetic and geometry
Fairy tales and the coherentist account of knowled...
Hume and scepticism about causation
Truth value of 'Santa Claus does not exist'
Philosophy of science and the demarcation problem
Foundations of ethics and the limits of philosophy...
Leibniz: this is the best of all possible worlds
Problems for a materialist view of the mind
Ethical truth and ethical dialogue
Metaphysics of vague objects

November 2013

Personal identity and survival
Kuhn and the demarcation problem
Mill on justice and the principle of utility
Plato on justice and the nature of the soul
The justification of induction
Rawls on justice and the veil of ignorance
Descartes' case for doubt in the First Meditation
Kant on freedom and morality
Locke's case against innate ideas and principles
Perceptual realism and the argument from hallucina...
Ontology and the necessity for universals
Ethics, liberalism and tolerance
Hume on passions as source of morality
Berkeley's immaterialism and human action
Kant on freedom and lying
Mind-body problem: interactionism vs epiphenomenal...
Plato's theory of recollection and innate knowledg...
Theory of descriptions: Strawson vs Russell
Why be moral?
Essays on identity and events

December 2013

Moral dilemmas and Mill's greatest happiness princ...
Descartes' arguments for the existence of God
Why should others count in my deliberations?
Berkeley, Leibniz and common sense materialism
Stages of doubt in Descartes' 1st Meditation
Nozick on redistributive taxation and forced labou...
Can we give a non-circular justification of deduct...
Egoism and Aristotle's view of happiness
Inference to the best explanation
Hume's account of our belief in external objects
In what sense was Parmenides a monist?
Mill's proof of the utility principle
What is a law of nature?
In what sense if any is ethics objective?
Why are philosophers interested in qualia?
Can you know that you're not dreaming?
Are possible worlds really 'real'?
Locke's account of simple ideas
Rawls' distinction between political and comprehen...
Personal identity and the body duplication hypothe...

January 2014

Can intentionality be naturalized?
Moral facts and moral properties as secondary qual...
Spinoza's view of mind as the idea of the human bo...
Nietzsche and existentialism
The philosophical significance of zombies
Socrates on doing wrong knowingly (revisited)
The essential mark of the mental
Temporal becoming and the B-series view of time
Socrates on doing wrong knowingly
Heidegger on Dasein and authenticity
What is an intentional object?
Truth vs empirical adequacy in a scientific theory...
The idealism of Bishop Berkeley
Why be moral?
On possibility and possible worlds
Hume and Feagin on the puzzle of tragedy
Personal identity and body-duplication
Jean-Paul Sartre: 'Hell is other people'
Holocaust denial and anti-realism about truth
Dreaming and scepticism and knowledge as justified...

February 2014

Karl Popper's response to Hume
Are possible worlds really 'real'?
Can truth be defined?
Functionalism vs behaviourism as theories of the m...
Hempel's paradox of the ravens
Why Aristotle needs his four causes
Mind-body problem and the nature of philosophy
Wittgenstein on solipsism
Grice on conversational implicature
What is a law of nature?
Determinism and the justification of punishment
Causation and the explanation of human action
Heraclitus, Aristotle and the problem of change
Solving Goodman's new riddle of induction
Aristotle's account of substantial change
Scepticism, consciousness and moral theory
Are there moral facts? (revisited)
Intentionality: Frege and twin-earth cases
Zeno's paradoxes of motion
Evaluating Descartes' method of doubt

March 2014

Descartes' argument for the mind-body distinction
Truth and knowledge, personal identity
Can you know that you are not dreaming?
Kuhn on the structure of scientific revolutions
Milesian theories of the primary substance
Justification of induction and Leibniz on free wil...
Milesian philosophy of physical explanation
Donald Davidson on radical interpretation
Plato's proofs of the existence of a soul in the P...
Aristotle's case for a prime mover
Knowledge and belief in Plato's Republic
David Lewis, equivalent worlds and knowledge

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Statistics for Electronic Philosopher:

Total posts = 1010 (excl. index)

Total words = 900,000 (approx)

Original letters: June 2001 – December 2011

Posted: March 2011 – March 2014

© Geoffrey Klempner 2001–2018